There is an article in the BBC news today (Vatican's space mission) about a new astronomy-focused website set up by the Vatican in collaboration with the scientific community. While interesting (and on the face of it rather bizarre), this collaboration isn't a particularly new thing, as the book illustrated below (Astrophysical Cosmology, published by the Vatican in 1982) shows.
The Da Vinci Code).
If you think it's strange for the Vatican to be interested in modern Cosmology -- well, they invented it (sort of). It's a little known fact (at any rate, it's not mentioned in the BBC article), but the Big Bang theory was originally proposed in 1927 by one Monsignor Georges Lemaître... who went on to become president of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences!